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Glaucoma FAQs



Glaucoma FAQs

As we observe National Glaucoma Awareness Month, it's vital to spread knowledge about glaucoma, a leading cause of blindness worldwide. Many people have heard of glaucoma but don't fully understand what it is, how it's diagnosed, or how it can be managed. This blog aims to answer some of the most frequently asked questions about glaucoma and help raise awareness about this eye condition.

1. What is Glaucoma? Glaucoma is a group of eye conditions that damage the optic nerve, crucial for good vision. This damage is often caused by abnormally high pressure in your eye and can lead to irreversible vision loss.

2. What Causes Glaucoma? While the precise cause of glaucoma is unknown, it's often linked to increased pressure inside the eye. Risk factors include older age, a family history of the condition, certain medical conditions, and racial background.

3. Are There Different Types of Glaucoma? Yes, the two main types are open-angle and angle-closure glaucoma. Open-angle glaucoma is more common and usually has no early symptoms, while angle-closure glaucoma is less common and can cause sudden symptoms.

4. What are the Symptoms of Glaucoma? In the early stages, glaucoma typically presents no symptoms. As the condition progresses, you may lose peripheral vision or experience tunnel vision in the advanced stages.

5. How is Glaucoma Diagnosed? Glaucoma is diagnosed through a comprehensive eye exam that includes several tests, such as measuring intraocular pressure, inspecting the drainage angle, examining the optic nerve, and testing the peripheral vision.

6. Can Glaucoma Be Cured? There is no cure for glaucoma, but early diagnosis and continuous treatment can slow or prevent vision loss, especially in the early stages of the disease.

7. How is Glaucoma Treated? Treatment may include prescription eye drops, oral medications, laser therapy, or surgery, all aimed at reducing intraocular pressure.

8. Is Glaucoma Hereditary? Yes, genetics can play a role. If you have a family history of glaucoma, you are at a higher risk and should get regular eye exams.

9. Can Lifestyle Changes Affect Glaucoma? Lifestyle changes cannot cure glaucoma, but maintaining a healthy lifestyle can help manage the condition and overall eye health.

10. How Often Should I Get Tested for Glaucoma? It’s generally recommended to have a comprehensive eye exam every 1-2 years, but those at higher risk may need more frequent exams.

Conclusion: Glaucoma is often called the "silent thief of sight" for a good reason. It can quietly damage your vision before you even notice any loss. Regular eye exams are crucial for early detection and preventing the progression of glaucoma. If you have any concerns about glaucoma or your eye health, please consult with an eye care professional.